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12. Emergency Preparedness

Not all accidents can be prevented. Effective emergency preparedness means planning and practising in advance so that, in the event of an emergency, the harm to people, the environment and to the business is minimised. Firstly, potential emergencies should be identified and categorised. Plans should then be developed to respond to these emergencies. Systems for emergency communication should be established and technical systems, for example, for fire protection and emergency power, should be put in place. Emergency teams of experienced personnel should be established to execute the emergency plans and their competence should be assured through regular drills and exercises. Adequate first aid and medical support should be available if required. Finally, organised outside aid with civil / governmental agencies and mutual aid agreements with other companies may be required if the organisation could face a major emergency and requires additional assistance.

The sub-processes are listed below:
12.1. Emergency Needs Assessment
12.2. Site Emergency Plan
12.3. Off-Site Emergency Plan
12.4. Crisis Plan
12.5. Business Continuity Plan
12.6. Emergency Communications
12.7. Emergency Protection Systems
12.8. Energy Controls
12.9. Emergency Teams
12.10. Drills and Exercises
12.11. First Aid
12.12. Medical Support
12.13. Organised Outside Help and Mutual Aid

Emergency Preparedness explained by Stuart Greenfield from DNV GL UK